A whole lotta linux (ubuntu) commands

A massive collection of linux commands, some of which may only apply to ubuntu, I was writing a script to gather this list, so i thought I might just stick it up here for anyone who might use it.

THERE MAY BE DUPLICATES….so…

The script I created to gather the list is shown below:

#!/bin/bash

## Get commands and definitions

OUT_FILE=”./cmds.txt”
manPages=$(printf “%s\n” ${PATH//:/\/* })

for WORD in $manPages
do
    line=$(man $WORD | awk ‘NR==6 {print}’ )
    echo $line
    echo $line >> $OUT_FILE
    sleep 2s
done

1    a2enmod, a2dismod – enable or disable an apache2 module
2    a2enmod, a2dismod – enable or disable an apache2 module
3    a2ensite, a2dissite – enable or disable an apache2 site / virtual host
6    aa-audit – set a AppArmor security profile to audit mode.
7    aa-autodep – guess basic AppArmor profile requirements
8    aa-complain – set a AppArmor security profile to complain mode.
9    aa-decode – decode hex-encoded in AppArmor log files
10    aa-disable – disable an AppArmor security profile
11    aa-enforce – set an AppArmor security profile to enforce mode from being
12    aa-genprof – profile generation utility for AppArmor
13    aa-logprof – utility program for managing AppArmor security profiles
14    aa-status – display various information about the current AppArmor policy.
15    aa-unconfined – output a list of processes with tcp or udp ports that do not
16    aa-update-browser – update browser profiles with browser abstractions
17    accept – accept a connection on a socket
18    accessdb – dumps the content of a man-db database in a human readable format.
19    acpid – Advanced Configuration and Power Interface event daemon
20    adduser, addgroup – add a user or group to the system
21    add-shell – add shells to the list of valid login shells
22    adduser, addgroup – add a user or group to the system
23    anacron – runs commands periodically
24    apache2 – Apache Hypertext Transfer Protocol Server
25    apache2ctl – Apache HTTP server control interface
26    apache2ctl – Apache HTTP server control interface
27    aa-status – display various information about the current AppArmor policy.
28    aptd – package managing daemon proving a D-Bus interface
29    arp – manipulate the system ARP cache
30    arpd – userspace arp daemon.
31    aspell-autobuildhash – Autobuilding aspell hash files for some dicts
32    atd – run jobs queued for later execution
33    avahi-autoipd – IPv4LL network address configuration daemon
34    avahi-daemon – The Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD daemon
35    bccmd – Utility for the CSR BCCMD interface
36    biosdecode – BIOS information decoder
37    bluetoothd – Bluetooth daemon
38    chat – Automated conversational script with a modem
39    check_forensic – tool to extract mod_log_forensic output from apache log files
40    checkgid – checks the gid
41    chgpasswd – update group passwords in batch mode
42    chpasswd – update passwords in batch mode
43    chroot – run command or interactive shell with special root directory
44    computer-janitor – clean up a system installation
45    computer-janitor-gtk – remove cruft from system (GUI version)
46    cppw, cpgr – copy with locking the given file to the password or group file
47    cppw, cpgr – copy with locking the given file to the password or group file
48    cron – daemon to execute scheduled commands (Vixie Cron)
49    cupsaccept/cupsreject – accept/reject jobs sent to a destination
50    cupsaddsmb – export printers to samba for windows clients
51    cupsctl – configure cupsd.conf options
52    cupsd – cups scheduler
53    cupsdisable, cupsenable – stop/start printers and classes
54    cupsdisable, cupsenable – stop/start printers and classes
55    cupsfilter – convert a file to another format using cups filters
56    cups-genppdupdate – update CUPS+Gutenprint PPD files
57    cupsaccept/cupsreject – accept/reject jobs sent to a destination
58    cytune – Tune driver parameters for Cyclades-Z multiport serial card
59    defoma-reconfigure – Reconfigure all from zero.
60    deluser, delgroup – remove a user or group from the system
61    deluser, delgroup – remove a user or group from the system
62    dmidecode – DMI table decoder
63    dnsmasq – A lightweight DHCP and caching DNS server.
64    dpkg-divert – override a package’s version of a file
65    dpkg-preconfigure – let packages ask questions prior to their installation
66    dpkg-reconfigure – reconfigure an already installed package
67    dpkg-statoverride – override ownership and mode of files
68    e2freefrag – report free space fragmentation information
69    fdformat – Low-level formats a floppy disk
70    filefrag – report on file fragmentation
71    foomatic-addpjloptions – Format PJL option information the for foomatic database
72    program also runs # when Foomatic is not installed.
73    foomatic-getpjloptions – <put a short description here>
74    foomatic-kitload – installs a data kit into the foomatic database.
75    use Foomatic::Defaults; use Foomatic::DB qw/get_overview/; #
76    foomatic-preferred-driver – <put a short description here>
77    of the source # tarball of Gutenprint 5.0.x or later. # # Re‐
78    use Foomatic::Defaults; use Foomatic::DB;
79    gconf-schemas – register gconf schemas with the gconf database
80    groupadd – create a new group
81    groupdel – delete a group
82    groupmod – modify a group definition on the system
83    grpck – verify integrity of group files
84    pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv – convert to and from shadow passwords and
85    pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv – convert to and from shadow passwords and
86    grub-install – install GRUB to a device
87    grub-mkconfig – generate a GRUB configuration file
88    grub-mkdevicemap – generate a GRUB device map file automatically
89    grub-mknetdir – prepare a GRUB netboot directory.
90    grub-probe – probe device information for GRUB
91    grub-reboot – set the default boot entry for GRUB, for the next boot only
92    grub-set-default – set the saved default boot entry for GRUB
93    grub-setup – set up a device to boot using GRUB
94    hciattach – attach serial devices via UART HCI to BlueZ stack
95    hciconfig – configure Bluetooth devices
96    hciemu – HCI emulator
97    hcitrace – hcitrace daemon
98    cense, or # (at your option) any later version. # # This program
99    htcacheclean – Clean up the disk cache
100    httxt2dbm – Generate dbm files for use with RewriteMap
101    iconvconfig – Create fastloading iconv module configuration file
102    install-docs – manage online Debian documentation
103    install-info – wrapper around GNU install-info
104    install-sgmlcatalog – maintain transitional SGML catalog
105    invoke-rc.d – executes System-V style init script actions
106    iptables-apply – a safer way to update iptables remotely
107    iptables-apply – a safer way to update iptables remotely
108    irqbalance – distribute hardware interrupts across processors on a multiproces‐
109    ispell-autobuildhash – Autobuilding the ispell hash file for some dicts
110    kerneloops – program to collect and submit kernel oopses to kerneloops.org
111    laptop-detect – attempt to detect a laptop
112    ldattach – attach a line discipline to a serial line
113    locale-gen – compile a list of locale definition files
114    logrotate – rotates, compresses, and mails system logs
115    lpadmin – configure cups printers and classes
116    lpc – line printer control program
117    lpinfo – show available devices or drivers
118    lpmove – move a job or all jobs to a new destination
119    lsusb – list USB devices
120    make-ssl-cert – Debconf wrapper for openssl
121    mkinitramfs – low-level tool for generating an initramfs image
122    mkinitramfs-kpkg – generates an initramfs image for kernel-package
123    mklost+found – create a lost+found directory on a mounted Linux second extended
124    mkntfs – create an NTFS file system
125    wodim – write data to optical disk media
126    NetworkManager – network management daemon
127    newusers – update and create new users in batch
128    nologin – politely refuse a login
129    ntfsclone – Efficiently clone, image, restore or rescue an NTFS
130    ntfscp – copy file to an NTFS volume.
131    ntfslabel – display/change the label on an ntfs file system
132    ntfsresize – resize an NTFS filesystem without data loss
133    ntfsundelete – recover a deleted file from an NTFS volume.
134    ntpdate – set the date and time via NTP
135    ntpdate-debian – set the date and time via NTP
136    ownership – Compaq ownership tag retriever
137    pam-auth-update – manage PAM configuration using packaged profiles
138    pam_getenv – get environment variables from /etc/environment
139    paperconfig – configure the system default paper size
140    pm-action – Suspend or Hibernate your computer
141    pm-powersave – Put your computer into low power mode
142    pm-action – Suspend or Hibernate your computer
143    pm-action – Suspend or Hibernate your computer
144    popcon-largest-unused – List size of unused packages
145    popularity-contest – list the most popular Debian packages
146    pppconfig – configure pppd to connect to the Internet
147    pppd – Point-to-Point Protocol Daemon
148    pppdump – convert PPP record file to readable format
149    pppoeconf — configures a PPPoE (ADSL) connection
150    pppoe-discovery – perform PPPoE discovery
151    pppstats – print PPP statistics
152    pptp – PPTP driver
153    pptpsetup – Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol setup
154    pwck – verify integrity of password files
155    pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv – convert to and from shadow passwords and
156    pwconv, pwunconv, grpconv, grpunconv – convert to and from shadow passwords and
157    radeontool — utility to get/set registers and to control backlight on radeon
158    rdev – query/set image root device, RAM disk size, or video mode
159    rdev – query/set image root device, RAM disk size, or video mode
160    readprofile – a tool to read kernel profiling information
161    remove-default-ispell – remove default ispell dictionary
162    remove-default-wordlist – remove default wordlist
163    remove-shell – remove shells from the list of valid login shells
164    rfkill – tool for enabling and disabling wireless devices
165    rdev – query/set image root device, RAM disk size, or video mode
166    rotatelogs – Piped logging program to rotate Apache logs
167    rsyslogd – reliable and extended syslogd
168    rtcwake – enter a system sleep state until specified wakeup time
169    rtkitctl – Realtime Policy and Watchdog daemon control
170    safe_finger – finger client wrapper that protects against nasty stuff from fin‐
171    saned – SANE network daemon
172    select-default-ispell – select default ispell dictionary
173    select-default-wordlist – select default wordlist
174    setvesablank – Turn VESA screen blanking on or off
175    split-logfile – Split combined virtual hosts access log into one file per vir‐
176    synaptic – graphical management of software packages
177    system-tools-backends – message dispatcher for system-tools-backends
178    tcpd – access control facility for internet services
179    tcpdchk – tcp wrapper configuration checker
180    tcpdmatch – tcp wrapper oracle
181    tcpdump – dump traffic on a network
182    toshsat1800-irdasetup – IrDA setup utility for Toshiba Satellite 1800
183    try-from – test program for the tcp_wrapper
184    tunelp – set various parameters for the lp device
185    ufw – program for managing a netfilter firewall
186    update-alternatives – maintain symbolic links determining default commands
187    update-apt-xapian-index – rebuild the Apt Xapian Index
188    update-ca-certificates – update /etc/ssl/certs and certificates.crt
189    update-catalog – create or update entry in SGML catalog file
190    update-dictcommon-aspell – rebuild aspell database and emacsen stuff
191    update-default-ispell – update default ispell dictionary
192    update-default-wordlist – update default wordlist
193    update-dictcommon-aspell – rebuild aspell database and emacsen stuff
194    update-dictcommon-hunspell – rebuild hunspell database and emacsen stuff
195    update-fonts-alias – compile fonts.alias files
196    update-fonts-dir – compile fonts.dir files
197    update-fonts-scale – generate fonts.scale files
198    update-grub, update-grub2 – stub for grub-mkconfig
199    update-grub, update-grub2 – stub for grub-mkconfig
200    script/cidfmap.d/ FONTMDIR=/etc/ghostscript/fontmap.d/
201    update-icon-caches – Update wrapper script for the icon caches
202    update-inetd – create, remove, enable or disable entry in /etc/inetd.conf
203    update-info-dir – (re-)create /usr/share/info/dir from all installed info files
204    update-initramfs – generate an initramfs image
205    update-java-alternatives – update alternatives for jre/sdk installations
206    fault/locale”;
207    update-mime – create or update MIME information
208    update-openoffice-dicts – rebuild dictionary.lst for OpenOffice.org
209    update-passwd – safely update /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow and /etc/group
210    update-python-modules – byte-compile python modules
211    update-rc.d – install and remove System-V style init script links
212    update-rc.d-insserv – obsolete
213    update-software-center – Update the database for software-center
214    update-usbids – download new version of the USB ID list
215    update-xmlcatalog – maintain XML catalog files
216    usb_modeswitch – switch mode of “multi-state” USB devices
217    check on newly discovered USB devices and calls # the mode
218    usbmuxd – iPhone/iPod Touch USB multiplex server daemon
219    useradd – create a new user or update default new user information
220    userdel – delete a user account and related files
221    usermod – modify a user account
222    uuidd – UUID generation daemon
223    vbetool – run real-mode video BIOS code to alter hardware state
224    vcstime – Show time in upper right hand corner of the console screen
225    rdev – query/set image root device, RAM disk size, or video mode
226    vipw, vigr – edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file
227    vipw, vigr – edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file
228    visudo – edit the sudoers file
229    vpddecode – VPD structure decoder
230    zic – time zone compiler
231    test – check file types and compare values
232    a2p – Awk to Perl translator
233    ab – Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool
234    aconnect – ALSA sequencer connection manager
235    acpi_listen – ACPI event listener
236    add-apt-repository – Adds a repository into the /etc/apt/sources.list or
237    addpart – simple wrapper around the “add partition” ioctl
238    addr2line – convert addresses into file s and line numbers.
239    alacarte – edit freedesktop.org menus
240    alsaloop – command-line PCM loopback
241    alsamixer – soundcard mixer for ALSA soundcard driver, with ncurses interface
242    sound.so.2__gmon_start___Jv_RegisterClassess‐
243    amidi – read from and write to ALSA RawMIDI ports
244    amixer – command-line mixer for ALSA soundcard driver
245    your option) any later version. # # Mtools is distributed in the
246    arecord, aplay – command-line sound recorder and player for ALSA soundcard
247    aplaymidi – play Standard MIDI Files
248    apport-bug, apport-collect – file a bug report using Apport, or update an exist‐
249    apport-cli, apport-gtk, apport-kde – Apport user interfaces for reporting prob‐
250    apport-bug, apport-collect – file a bug report using Apport, or update an exist‐
251    apport-unpack – extract the fields of a problem report to separate files
252    appres – list X application resource database
253    apropos – search the manual page s and descriptions
254    ties from softwareproperties.ppa import expand_ppa_line from apt‐
255    apt-cache – query the APT cache
256    apt-cdrom – APT CDROM management utility
257    apt-config – APT Configuration Query program
258    aptdcon – command line client for aptdaemon
259    apt-extracttemplates – Utility to extract DebConf config and templates from
260    apt-ftparchive – Utility to generate index files
261    apt-get – APT package handling utility — command-line interface
262    apt-key – APT key management utility
263    apt-mark – mark/unmark a package as being automatically-installed
264    apt-sortpkgs – Utility to sort package index files
265    apturl – graphical apt-protocol interpreting package installer
266    apturl – graphical apt-protocol interpreting package installer
267    ar – create, modify, and extract from archives
268    arch – print machine hardware  (same as u -m)
269    arecord, aplay – command-line sound recorder and player for ALSA soundcard
270    arecordmidi – record Standard MIDI Files
271    arping – send ARP REQUEST to a neighbour host
272    AS – the portable GNU assembler.
273    aseqdump – show the events received at an ALSA sequencer port
274    aseqnet – ALSA sequencer connectors over network
275    aspell – interactive spell checker
276    aspell-import – import old personal dictionaries into GNU Aspell
277    at, batch, atq, atrm – queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
278    bitmap, bmtoa, atobm – bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window
279    at, batch, atq, atrm – queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
280    at, batch, atq, atrm – queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
281    avahi-browse – Browse for mDNS/DNS-SD services using the Avahi daemon
282    avahi-browse – Browse for mDNS/DNS-SD services using the Avahi daemon
283    avahi-publish-service – Register an mDNS/DNS-SD service or host  or address
284    avahi-publish-service – Register an mDNS/DNS-SD service or host  or address
285    avahi-publish-service – Register an mDNS/DNS-SD service or host  or address
286    avahi-resolve – Resolve one or more mDNS/DNS host (s) to IP address(es) (and
287    avahi-resolve – Resolve one or more mDNS/DNS host (s) to IP address(es) (and
288    avahi-resolve – Resolve one or more mDNS/DNS host (s) to IP address(es) (and
289    avahi-set-host- – Change mDNS host
290    mawk – pattern scanning and text processing language
291    axi-cache – query the Apt Xapian Index
292    Banshee – Media Management and Playback application
293    Baobab – A graphical tool to analyse disk usage
294    base64 – base64 encode/decode data and print to standard output
295    base – strip directory and suffix from files
296    bashbug – report a bug in bash
297    at, batch, atq, atrm – queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
298    bc – An arbitrary precision calculator language
299    bdftopcf – convert X font from Bitmap Distribution Format to Portable Compiled
300    bdftruncate – generate truncated BDF font from ISO 10646-1-encoded BDF font
301    bf_compact – shell script to compact a bogofilter directory
302    bf_compact – shell script to compact a bogofilter directory
303    bf_copy – shell script to copy a bogofilter working directory
304    bf_copy – shell script to copy a bogofilter working directory
305    bf_tar – shell script to write a tar file of a bogofilter directory to stdout
306    bf_tar – shell script to write a tar file of a bogofilter directory to stdout
307    bitmap, bmtoa, atobm – bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window
308    bluetooth-agent – Bluetooth pass agent
309    bluetooth-applet – GNOME applet for prompting the user for a Bluetooth passkey
310    bluetooth-properties – GTK dialog for managing properties of the Linux Bluetooth
311    bluetooth-sendto – GTK application for transfering files over Bluetooth
312    bluetooth-wizard – GTK wizard for setting up devices with the Linux Bluetooth
313    bluez-simple-agent – A PIN management and agent program for pairing to Bluetooth
314    bitmap, bmtoa, atobm – bitmap editor and converter utilities for the X Window
315    bogofilter – fast Bayesian spam filter
316    bogofilter – fast Bayesian spam filter
317    bogolexer – Utility program for separating email messages into tokens
318    bogolexer – Utility program for separating email messages into tokens
319    bogotune – find optimum parameter settings for bogofilter
320    bogotune – find optimum parameter settings for bogofilter
321    bogoupgrade – upgrades bogofilter database to current version
322    bogoupgrade – upgrades bogofilter database to current version
323    bogoutil – Dumps, loads, and maintains bogofilter database files
324    bogoutil – Dumps, loads, and maintains bogofilter database files
325    brasero – Simple and easy to use CD/DVD burning application for the Gnome Desk‐
326    BTCFLASH – firmware flash utility for BTC DRW1008 DVD+/-RW recorder.
327    gcc – GNU project C and C++ compiler
328    c2ph, pstruct – Dump C structures as generated from “cc -g -S” stabs
329    calibrate_ppa – pnm2ppa calibration tool
330    cancel – cancel jobs
331    captoinfo – convert a termcap description into a terminfo description
332    catchsegv – Catch segmentation faults in programs
333    catman – create or update the pre-formatted manual pages
334    gcc – GNU project C and C++ compiler
335    c++filt – Demangle C++ and Java symbols.
336    chage – change user password expiry information
337    chardet – universal character encoding detector
338    gucharmap – Unicode character picker and font browser
339    chattr – change file attributes on a Linux file system
340    chcon – change file security context
341    checkbox, checkbox-cli, checkbox-urwid, checkbox-gtk – Application for system
342    check-language-support – returns the list of missing packages in order to pro‐
343    chfn – change real user  and information
344    chkdupexe – find duplicate executables
345    chrt – manipulate real-time attributes of a process
346    chsh – change login shell
347    ciptool – Bluetooth Common ISDN Access Profile (CIP)
348    ckbcomp – compile a XKB keyboard description to a keymap suitable for loadkeys
349    cksum – checksum and count the bytes in a file
350    clear – clear the terminal screen
351    clear_console – clear the console
352    mono – Mono’s ECMA-CLI native code generator (Just-in-Time and Ahead-of-Time)
353    gacutil – Global Assembly Cache management utility.
354    cmp – compare two files byte by byte
355    codepage – extract a codepage from an MSDOS codepage file
356    comm – compare two sorted files line by line
357    compiz – OpenGL window and compositing manager
358    compiz-decorator – Automatic decorator loader
359    run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print – execute programs via entries in
360    config_data – Query or change configuration of Perl modules
361    corelist – a commandline frontend to Module::CoreList
362    cpan – easily interact with CPAN from the command line
363    cpan2dist – The CPANPLUS distribution creator
364    cpanp – The CPANPLUS launcher
365    $rv = do($0); # execute the file die $@ if $@;
366    cpp – The C Preprocessor
367    cpp – The C Preprocessor
368    cpufreq-selector — tool to set CPU frequency
369    c_rehash – Create symbolic links to files d by the hash values
370    crontab – maintain crontab files for individual users (Vixie Cron)
371    csharp, gsharp – Interactive C# Shell
372    csplit – split a file into sections determined by context lines
373    lnstat – unified linux network statistics
374    cups-calibrate – ESP CUPS Printer Calibration Tool
375    cupstestdsc – test conformance of postscript files
376    cupstestppd – test conformance of ppd files
377    cut – remove sections from each line of files
378    cvt – calculate VESA CVT mode lines
379    dbmmanage – Manage user authentication files in DBM format
380    dbus-launch – Utility to start a message bus from a shell script
381    dbus-monitor – debug probe to print message bus messages
382    dbus-send – Send a message to a message bus
383    dc – an arbitrary precision calculator
384    ddate – converts Gregorian dates to Discordian dates
385    deallocvt – deallocate unused virtual consoles
386    debconf – run a debconf-using program
387    debconf-apt-progress – install packages using debconf to display a progress bar
388    debconf-communicate – communicate with debconf
389    debconf-copydb – copy a debconf database
390    debconf-escape – helper when working with debconf’s escape capability
391    debconf-set-selections – insert new default values into the debconf database
392    debconf-show – query the debconf database
393    defoma – Debian Font Manager, a framework for automatic font configuration.
394    defoma-app – configure a specific application about fonts registered in Debian
395    defoma-font – register/unregister font(s) to Debian Font Manager
396    defoma-hints – generate font hints.
397    defoma-id – Manage id-cache of Debian Font Manager
398    defoma-subst – Modify a rulefile of Defoma font substitution system.
399    defoma-user – Debian Font Manager for users
400    delpart – simple wrapper around the “del partition” ioctl
401    desktop-file-install – Install desktop files
402    desktop-file-validate – Validate desktop entry files
403    devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump – Utility programs for dumping and verifying
404    dfutool – Device Firmware Upgrade utility
405    dh_bash-completion – install bash completions for package
406    dh_installdefoma – install a defoma related scripts
407    dh_installxmlcatalogs – install and register XML catalog files
408    dh_pycentral – use the python-central framework to handle Python modules and
409    dh_pysupport – use the python-support framework to handle Python modules
410    dh_python2 – calculates Python dependencies, adds maintainer scripts to byte
411    diff – compare files line by line
412    diff3 – compare three files line by line
413    diffstat – make histogram from diff-output
414    dig – DNS lookup utility
415    dircolors – color setup for ls
416    dir – strip last component from file
417    dirsplit – splits directory into multiple with equal size
418    do-release-upgrade – manual page for do-release-upgrade
419    dotlockfile – Utility to manage lockfiles
420    dpkg – package manager for Debian
421    dpkg-architecture – set and determine the architecture for package building
422    dpkg-buildflags – returns build flags to use during package build
423    dpkg-buildpackage – build binary or source packages from sources
424    dpkg-checkbuilddeps – check build dependencies and conflicts
425    dpkg-deb – Debian package archive (.deb) manipulation tool
426    dpkg-distaddfile – add entries to debian/files
427    dpkg-divert – override a package’s version of a file
428    dpkg-genchanges – generate Debian .changes files
429    dpkg-gencontrol – generate Debian control files
430    dpkg-gensymbols – generate symbols files (shared library dependency information)
431    dpkg-maintscript-helper – works around known dpkg limitations in maintainer
432    dpkg-mergechangelogs – 3-way merge of debian/changelog files
433    dpkg- – re Debian packages to full package s
434    dpkg-parsechangelog – parse Debian changelog files
435    dpkg-query – a tool to query the dpkg database
436    dpkg-scanpackages – create Packages index files
437    dpkg-scansources – create Sources index files
438    dpkg-shlibdeps – generate shared library substvar dependencies
439    dpkg-source – Debian source package (.dsc) manipulation tool
440    dpkg-split – Debian package archive split/join tool
441    dpkg-statoverride – override ownership and mode of files
442    dpkg-trigger – a package trigger utility
443    dpkg-vendor – queries information about distribution vendors
444    dprofpp – display perl profile data
445    du – estimate file space usage
446    dumpkeys – dump keyboard translation tables
447    dev-ram-control – checks features of DVD-RAM discs
448    dvd+rw-booktype – format DVD+-RW/-RAM disk with a logical format
449    dvd+rw-format – format DVD+-RW/-RAM disk
450    dvd+rw-mediainfo – display information about dvd drive and disk
451    dvipdf – Convert TeX DVI file to PDF using ghostscript and dvips
452    dwell-click-applet – Dwell click remote control applet
453    run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print – execute programs via entries in
454    nano – Nano’s ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
455    editres – a dynamic resource editor for X Toolkit applications
456    eject – eject removable media
457    elfedit – Update the ELF header of ELF files.
458    empathy – GNOME multi-protocol chat and call client
459    empathy-accounts – Accounts configuration dialog for Empathy instant messaging
460    enc2xs — Perl Encode Module Generator
461    Enchant – a spellchecker
462    env – run a program in a modified environment
463    envsubst – substitutes environment variables in shell format strings
464    eog – a GNOME image viewer
465    ps2ps, eps2eps – Ghostscript PostScript “distiller”
466    eqn – format equations for troff or MathML
467    esc-m – ease viewing output of driver data
468    esdcompat – PulseAudio ESD wrapper script
469    espeak – A multi-lingual software speech synthesizer.
470    evince – GNOME document viewer
471    evince-thumbnailer – create png thumbnails from PostScript and PDF documents
472    evolution – groupware suite for GNOME containing e-mail, calendar, addressbook,
473    exiv2 – Image metadata manipulation tool
474    expand – convert tabs to spaces
475    expiry – check and enforce password expiration policy
476    expr – evaluate expressions
477    factor – factor numbers
478    faillog – display faillog records or set login failure limits
479    faked – daemon that remembers fake ownership/permissions of files manipulated by
480    fakeroot – run a command in an environment faking root privileges for file
481    fallocate – preallocate space to a file.
482    fc-cache – build font information cache files
483    fc-cat – read font information cache files
484    fc-list – list available fonts
485    fc-match – match available fonts
486    fc-query – query font files
487    fc-scan – scan font files or directories
488    file-roller – archive manager for GNOME
489    find – search for files in a directory hierarchy
490    find2perl – translate find command lines to Perl code
491    findsmb – list info about machines that respond to SMB  queries on a subnet
492    firefox – a free and open source web browser from Mozilla
493    flock – Manage locks from shell scripts
494    fmt – simple optimal text formatter
495    fold – wrap each input line to fit in specified width
496    font2c – Write PostScript Type 0 or Type 1 font as C code
497    text as _
498    fonttosfnt – Wrap a bitmap font in a sfnt (TrueType) wrapper
499    foomatic-combo-xml – <put a short description here>
500    foomatic-compiledb – Compile the Foomatic printer/driver database
501    foomatic-configure – the main configuration program of the foomatic printing
502    foomatic-ppdfile – Generate a PPD file for a given printer/driver combo
503    foomatic-perl-data – generate Perl data structures from XML
504    foomatic-ppdfile – Generate a PPD file for a given printer/driver combo
505    foomatic-ppd-options – show the PPD options
506    foomatic-printjob – manage printer jobs in a spooler-independent fashion
507    free – Display amount of free and used memory in the system
508    fribidi – a command line interface for the fribidi library, converts a logical
509    fslsfonts – list fonts served by X font server
510    fstobdf – generate BDF font from X font server
511    funzip – filter for extracting from a ZIP archive in a pipe
512    gcc – GNU project C and C++ compiler
513    gcc – GNU project C and C++ compiler
514    gacutil – Global Assembly Cache management utility.
515    gacutil – Global Assembly Cache management utility.
516    gamma4scanimage – create a gamma table for scanimage
517    gcalccmd – a console calculator
518    gcalctool – a desktop calculator
519    gcc – GNU project C and C++ compiler
520    gcc – GNU project C and C++ compiler
521    gconf-editor – an editor for the GConf configuration system
522    gconftool-2 – GNOME configuration tool
523    gconftool-2 – GNOME configuration tool
524    gcore – Generate a core file for a running process
525    gcov – coverage testing tool
526    gcov – coverage testing tool
527    gdb – The GNU Debugger
528    gdb – The GNU Debugger
529    gdbus – Introspect and call remote objects
530    gedit – text editor for the GNOME Desktop
531    gencat – Generate message catalog
532    genisoimage – create ISO9660/Joliet/HFS filesystem with optional Rock Ridge
533    eqn – format equations for troff or MathML
534    lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD – Simple command line user agent
535    getconf – Query system configuration variables
536    geteltorito – an El Torito boot image extractor
537    getent – get entries from administrative database
538    gethostip — convert an IP address into various formats
539    getkeycodes – print kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table
540    getopt – parse command options (enhanced)
541    gettext – translate message
542    gettextize – install or upgrade gettext infrastructure
543    gs – Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and previewer)
544    ginn – Gesture to Keypress / Mouse Button injector
545    ginstall-info – update info/dir entries
546    gio-querymodules – GIO module cache creation
547    git – the stupid content tracker
548    git-receive-pack – Receive what is pushed into the repository
549    git-shell – Restricted login shell for Git-only SSH access
550    git-upload-archive – Send archive back to git-archive
551    git-upload-pack – Send objects packed back to git-fetch-pack
552    gksu – GTK+ frontend for su and sudo
553    gksu – GTK+ frontend for su and sudo
554    gksu-properties – Configure the behaviour of gksu
555    glib-compile-schemas – GSettings schema compiler
556    mcs, gmcs, smcs – Mono C# Compiler (1.0, 2.0, Moonlight)
557    gnome-about – Learn more about GNOME
558    gcalctool – a desktop calculator
559    gucharmap – Unicode character picker and font browser
560    gnome-control-center — Desktop properties manager
561    gnome-desktop-item-edit — tool to edit .desktop file
562    yelp — browse system documentation
563    gnome-keyboard-properties – manage keyboard behaviour in GNOME
564    gnome-keyring-daemon – keep password and other secrets for users
565    gnome-language-selector – graphical language selection utility
566    gnome-open – Open files and URLs using the GNOME file handlers
567    gnome-panel – Display the GNOME panel
568    gnome-power-manager – gnome power manager userspace daemon
569    gnome-power-preferences – gnome power preferences gui
570    gnome-power-statistics – gnome power statistics gui
571    gnome-screensaver – screen saver and locker
572    gnome-screensaver-command – controls GNOME screensaver
573    gnome-screensaver-preferences – configure GNOME Screensaver
574    gnome-screenshot – capture the screen, a window, or an user-defined area and
575    gnome-search-tool – the GNOME Search Tool
576    gnome-session – Start the GNOME desktop environment
577    gnome-session-properties – Configure applications to start on login
578    gnome-session-save – End or save the current GNOME session
579    gnome-settings-daemon – Handles the GNOME session settings
580    gnome-sound-recorder – simple sound recorder
581    gnome-system-log – the GNOME System Log Viewer
582    gnome-system-monitor — view and control processes
583    gnome-terminal — is a terminal emulation application.
584    gnome-terminal — is a terminal emulation application.
585    gedit – text editor for the GNOME Desktop
586    gnome-volume-control – Sound volume controller
587    gnome-wm – Start the window manager configured by the user
588    gpasswd – administer /etc/group and /etc/gshadow
589    gpg – OpenPGP encryption and signing tool
590    gpgsplit – Split an OpenPGP message into packets
591    gpgv – Verify OpenPGP signatures
592    gpg-zip – encrypt or sign files into an archive
593    pic – compile pictures for troff or TeX
594    gprof – display call graph profile data
595    groff – front-end for the groff document formatting system
596    grog – guess options for groff command
597    grops – PostScript driver for groff
598    grotty – groff driver for typewriter-like devices
599    groups – print the groups a user is in
600    growisofs – combined genisoimage frontend/DVD recording program.
601    grub-bin2h – convert a binary file to a C header
602    grub-editenv – edit GRUB environment block
603    grub-fstest – debug tool for GRUB filesystem drivers
604    grub-menulst2cfg – transform legacy menu.lst into grub.cfg
605    grub-mkfont – make GRUB font files
606    grub-mkimage – make a bootable image of GRUB
607    grub-mklayout – generate a GRUB keyboard layout file
608    grub-mkpasswd-pbkdf2 – generate hashed password for GRUB
609    grub-mkrelpath – make a system path relative to its root
610    grub-mkrescue – make a GRUB rescue image
611    grub-mount – export GRUB filesystem with FUSE
612    grub-script-check – check grub.cfg for syntax errors
613    gs – Ghostscript (PostScript and PDF language interpreter and previewer)
614    gslp – Format and print text using ghostscript
615    gslp – Format and print text using ghostscript
616    gslp – Format and print text using ghostscript
617    gsettings – GSettings configuration tool
618    gsettings-data-convert – GConf to GSettings data migration
619    gsettings-schema-convert – GConf to GSettings schema conversion
620    gslp – Format and print text using ghostscript
621    gslp – Format and print text using ghostscript
622    gsnd – Run ghostscript (PostScript and PDF engine) without display
623    gst-feedback – generate debug info for GStreamer bug reports
624    gst-inspect – print info about a GStreamer plugin or element
625    gst-install – installs missing GStreamer plugins
626    gst-launch – build and run a GStreamer pipeline
627    gstreamer-properties – Multimedia systems selector
628    gst-typefind – print MIME type of file
629    gst-visualise – Run a GStreamer pipeline to display an audio visualisation
630    gst-inspect – print info about a GStreamer plugin or element
631    gst-xmllaunch – build and run a GStreamer pipeline from an XML serialization
632    tbl – format tables for troff
633    gtf – calculate VESA GTF mode lines
634    gtk-query-immodules-2.0 – Input method module registration utility
635    gtk-update-icon-cache – Icon theme caching utility
636    gtk-window-decorator – Compiz window decorator using the Gtk toolkit
637    gucharmap – Unicode character picker and font browser
638    Gwibber – Microblogging client for GNOME
639    h2ph – convert .h C header files to .ph Perl header files
640    h2xs – convert .h C header files to Perl extensions
641    hcitool – configure Bluetooth connections
642    head – output the first part of files
643    lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD – Simple command line user agent
644    helpztags – generate the help tags file for directory
645    host – DNS lookup utility
646    hostid – print the numeric identifier for the current host
647    hp-align – Printer Cartridge Alignment Utility
648    hp-check – Dependency/Version Check Utility
649    hp-clean – Printer Cartridge Cleaning Utility
650    hp-colorcal – Printer Cartridge Color Calibration Utility
651    hp-firmware – Firmware Download Utility
652    cense, or # (at your option) any later version. # # This program
653    hpijs – HP IJS server for the GhostScript IJS client driver
654    hp-info – Device Information Utility
655    hp-levels – Supply Levels Utility
656    hp-makeuri – Device URI Creation Utility
657    hp-pkservice – Policy Kit Service
658    hp-plugin – Plugin Download and Install Utility
659    er driver framework HPLIP into your system. This requires admin‐
660    hp-probe – Printer Discovery Utility
661    hp-query – Model Query Utility
662    hp-scan – Scan Utility
663    hp-setup – Printer/Fax Setup Utility
664    hp-testpage – Testpage Print Utility
665    hp-timedate – Time/Date Utility
666    hp-unload – Photo Card Access Utility
667    htdbm – Manipulate DBM password databases
668    htdigest – manage user files for digest authentication
669    htpasswd – Manage user files for basic authentication
670    setarch – change reported architecture in new program environment and set per‐
671    ibus-daemon – Intelligent Input Bus for Linux / Unix OS
672    ibus-setup – configuration program for ibus
673    dation; either # version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option)
674    iceauth – ICE authority file utility
675    ico – animate an icosahedron or other polyhedron
676    iconv – Convert encoding of given files from one encoding to another
677    id – print real and effective user and group IDs
678    iecset – Set or dump IEC958 status bits
679    im-switch – set up input method for X Window
680    info – read Info documents
681    info – read Info documents
682    infocmp – compare or print out terminfo descriptions
683    infokey – compile customizations for Info
684    infotocap – convert a terminfo description into a termcap description
685    inputattach – attach a serial line to an input-layer device
686    install – copy files and set attributes
687    install-info – wrapper around GNU install-info
688    instmodsh – A shell to examine installed modules
689    intel_audio_dump – Dumps the Intel GPU registers for HDMI audio setup.
690    intel_bios_dumper – Saves the Intel video BIOS contents to a file.
691    intel_bios_reader – Parses an Intel BIOS and displays many of its tables
692    intel_error_decode – Decodes an Intel GPU dump automatically captured by the
693    intel_gpu_dump – Print out debugging information on the state of the Intel GPU.
694    intel_gpu_top – Display a top-like summary of Intel GPU usage
695    intel_gtt – Dump the contents of an Intel GPU’s GTT
696    intel_ – Polls the values of different reports about laptop lid state.
697    intel_reg_dumper – Decode a bunch of Intel GPU registers for debugging
698    intel_reg_read – Reads an Intel GPU register value
699    intel_reg_write – Set an Intel GPU register to a value
700    intel_stepping – Display the stepping information for an Intel GPU
701    intel_upload_blit_large – microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
702    intel_upload_blit_large_gtt – microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
703    intel_upload_blit_large_map – microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
704    intel_upload_blit_small – microbenchmark of Intel GPU performance
705    vest.defs.GETTEXT_PACKAGE, invest.defs.GNOMELOCALEDIR) get‐
706    ionice – get/set program io scheduling class and priority
707    ipcmk – create various ipc resources
708    ipcrm – remove a message queue, semaphore set or shared memory id
709    ipcs – provide information on ipc facilities
710    iproxy – proxy that enables tcp service access to iPhone/iPod
711    iptables-xml — Convert iptables-save format to XML
712    devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump – Utility programs for dumping and verifying
713    isohybrid – Postprocess ISO images for hybrid mode
714    isohybrid.pl – Postprocess ISO images for hybrid mode (Perl)
715    devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump – Utility programs for dumping and verifying
716    devdump, isoinfo, isovfy, isodump – Utility programs for dumping and verifying
717    ispell-wrapper – smart wrapper for ispell
718    mandLine BINARY_LOCATION=/usr/bin/itweb‐settings PRO‐
719    java – the Java application launcher
720    join – join lines of two files on a common field
721    keytool – Key and Certificate Management Tool
722    killall – kill processes by
723    koi8rxterm – X terminal emulator for KOI8-R environments
724    l2ping – Send L2CAP echo request and receive answer
725    l2test – L2CAP testing
726    last, lastb – show listing of last logged in users
727    last, lastb – show listing of last logged in users
728    lastlog – reports the most recent login of all users or of a given user
729    lcf – Determine which of the historical versions of a config is installed
730    ld – The GNU linker
731    ld – The GNU linker
732    ldd – print shared library dependencies
733    less – opposite of more
734    lessecho – expand metacharacters
735    lessfile, lesspipe – “input preprocessor” for less.
736    lesskey – specify key bindings for less
737    lessfile, lesspipe – “input preprocessor” for less.
738    lexgrog – parse header information in man pages
739    lftp – Sophisticated file transfer program
740    lftpget – get a file with lftp(1)
741    libnetcfg – configure libnet
742    libreoffice – LibreOffice office suite
743    line – read one line
744    link – call the link function to create a link to a file
745    lintian – Static analysis tool for Debian packages
746    lintian-info – give detailed information about Lintian’s error tags
747    setarch – change reported architecture in new program environment and set per‐
748    listres – list resources in widgets
749    lnstat – unified linux network statistics
750    loadkeys – load keyboard translation tables
751    loadunimap – load the kernel unicode-to-font mapping table
752    libreoffice – LibreOffice office suite
753    locale – Get locale-specific information.
754    localedef – compile locale definition files
755    locate – find files by
756    lockfile-progs – command-line programs to safely lock and unlock files and mail‐
757    libreoffice – LibreOffice office suite
758    log – print user´s login
759    logresolve – Resolve IP-addresses to hosts in Apache log files
760    libreoffice – LibreOffice office suite
761    lp – print files
762    lpoptions – display or set printer options and defaults
763    lppasswd – add, change, or delete digest passwords.
764    lpq – show printer queue status
765    lpr – print files
766    lprm – cancel print jobs
767    lpstat – print cups status information
768    lsattr – list file attributes on a Linux second extended file system
769    lsb_release – print distribution-specific information
770    lscpu – CPU architecture information helper
771    lshw – list hardware
772    lsinitramfs – list content of an initramfs image
773    lsof – list open files
774    lspci – list all PCI devices
775    lspgpot – extracts the ownertrust values from PGP keyrings and list them in
776    lss16toppm — Convert an LSS-16 image to PPM
777    lsusb – list USB devices
778    ltrace – A library call tracer
779    luit – Locale and ISO 2022 support for Unicode terminals
780    lwp-download – Fetch large files from the web
781    lwp-dump – See what headers and content is returned for a URL
782    lwp-mirror – Simple mirror utility
783    lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD – Simple command line user agent
784    lwp-rget – Retrieve web documents recursively
785    lxterm – locale-sensitive wrapper for xterm
786    lz – gunzips and shows a listing of a gzip’d tar’d archive
787    lzma, unlzma, lzcat – LZMA compression and decompression tool
788    lzmainfo – show information stored in the .lzma file header
789    magnifier – GNOME Magnifier (gnome-mag)
790    make – GNU make utility to maintain groups of programs
791    make_method – Turn Perl code into an XML description for RPC::XML::Server
792    mako-render – renders Mako templates
793    man – an interface to the on-line reference manuals
794    mandb – create or update the manual page index caches
795    manhole – Connect to a Twisted Manhole service
796    manpath – determine search path for manual pages
797    mapscrn – load screen output mapping table
798    mattrib – change MSDOS file attribute flags
799    mawk – pattern scanning and text processing language
800    mbadblocks – tests a floppy disk, and marks the bad blocks in the FAT
801    mcat – dump raw disk image
802    mcd – change MSDOS directory
803    mcheck – verify all files on an MS-DOS formatted disk
804    mcomp – Compares two files using mtools
805    mcookie – generate magic cookies for xauth
806    mcopy – copy MSDOS files to/from Unix
807    mc-tool – manipulate Mission Control accounts from the command line
808    mc-wait-for- – run until a D-Bus  appears on the session bus
809    md5pass – Create an MD5 password hash
810    md5sum – compute and check MD5 message digest
811    mdel – delete an MSDOS file
812    mdeltree – recursively delete an MSDOS directory and its contents
813    mdir – display an MSDOS directory
814    mdu – display the amount of space occupied by an MSDOS directory
815    memdiskfind – utility to search for a MEMDISK instance
816    mesg – control write access to your terminal
817    METACITY – minimal GTK2 Window Manager
818    METACITY-MESSAGE – a command to send a message to Metacity
819    metacity-theme-viewer – view metacity themes
820    metacity-window-demo – demo of window features
821    mformat – add an MSDOS filesystem to a low-level formatted floppy disk
822    mimeopen – Open files by mimetype
823    mimetype – Determine file type
824    min12xxw – Convert pbmraw streams to Minolta PagePro 12xxW languages
825    minfo – print the parameters of a MSDOS filesystem
826    mkdiskimage – Create a blank MS-DOS formatted hard disk image
827    mkfifo – make FIFOs (d pipes)
828    mkfontdir – create an index of X font files in a directory
829    mkfontscale – create an index of scalable font files for X
830    mkmanifest – makes list of file s and their DOS 8+3 equivalent
831    mk_modmap – translate a Linux keytable file into an xmodmap file
832    mkpasswd – Overfeatured front end to crypt(3)
833    mktap – create twisted.servers
834    mkzftree – Create a zisofs/RockRidge compressed file tree
835    mlabel – make an MSDOS volume label
836    locate – find files by
837    mmd – make an MSDOS subdirectory
838    mmount – mount an MSDOS disk
839    mmove – move or re an MSDOS file or subdirectory
840    mono – Mono’s ECMA-CLI native code generator (Just-in-Time and Ahead-of-Time)
841    mousetweaks – Accessibility enhancements for pointing devices
842    mpartition – partition an MSDOS hard disk
843    mrd – remove an MSDOS subdirectory
844    mren – re an existing MSDOS file
845    mscompress – compress data using LZ77 algorithm
846    msexpand – decompress data compressed using mscompress(1) or COMPRESS.EXE
847    msgattrib – attribute matching and manipulation on message catalog
848    msgcat – combines several message catalogs
849    msgcmp – compare message catalog and template
850    msgcomm – match two message catalogs
851    msgconv – character set conversion for message catalog
852    msgen – create English message catalog
853    msgexec – process translations of message catalog
854    msgfilter – edit translations of message catalog
855    msgfmt – compile message catalog to binary format
856    msggrep – pattern matching on message catalog
857    msginit – initialize a message catalog
858    msgmerge – merge message catalog and template
859    msgunfmt – uncompile message catalog from binary format
860    msguniq – unify duplicate translations in message catalog
861    mshowfat – shows FAT clusters allocated to file
862    mtools – utilities to access DOS disks in Unix.
863    mtoolstest – tests and displays the configuration
864    mtr – a network diagnostic tool
865    mtrace – Interpret output from MALLOC_TRACE
866    mtype – display contents of an MSDOS file
867    Banshee – Media Management and Playback application
868    mxtar – Wrapper for using GNU tar directly from a floppy disk
869    mzip – change protection mode and eject disk on Zip/Jaz drive
870    i – follow a path until a terminal point is found
871    nano – Nano’s ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
872    nautilus – the GNOME File Manager
873    nautilus-connect-server – To Access a remote server
874    nautilus-file-management-properties – File Management Preferences
875    nautilus-sendto – convenience application to send a file via email or instant
876    mawk – pattern scanning and text processing language
877    ncurses5-config – helper script for ncurses libraries
878    ncursesw5-config – helper script for ncurses libraries
879    neqn – format equations for ascii output
880    net – Tool for administration of Samba and remote CIFS servers.
881    net-snmp-config – returns information about installed net-snmp libraries and
882    newgrp – log in to a new group
883    ngettext – translate message and choose plural form
884    nice – run a program with modified scheduling priority
885    nl – number lines of files
886    nm – list symbols from object files
887    nmblookup – NetBIOS over TCP/IP client used to lookup NetBIOS s
888    nmcli – command-line tool for controlling NetworkManager
889    nm-online – ask NetworkManager whether the network is connected
890    nm-tool – utility to report NetworkManager state and devices
891    nohup – run a command immune to hangups, with output to a non-tty
892    nproc – print the number of processing units available
893    nroff – emulate nroff command with groff
894    nslookup – query Internet  servers interactively
895    nstat, rtacct – network statistics tools.
896    nsupdate – Dynamic DNS update utility
897    ntfscat – print NTFS files and streams on the standard output
898    ntfscluster – identify files in a specified region of an NTFS volume.
899    ntfscmp – compare two NTFS filesystems and tell the differences
900    ntfsfix – fix common errors and force Windows to check NTFS
901    ntfsinfo – dump a file’s attributes
902    ntfsls – list directory contents on an NTFS filesystem
903    ntfsmount – Read/Write userspace NTFS driver.
904    obex-data-server – D-Bus service providing OBEX functionality
905    objcopy – copy and translate object files
906    objdump – display information from object files.
907    oclock – round X clock
908    od – dump files in octal and other formats
909    ods-server – minimal OBEX server based on obex-data-server
910    find – search for files in a directory hierarchy
911    omshell – OMAPI Command Shell
912    on_ac_power – test whether computer is running on AC power
913    openssl – OpenSSL command line tool
914    orbd – The Object Request Broker Daemon
915    orca – is a scriptable screen reader and magnifier
916    log_output () { if type log‐output >/dev/null 2>&1; then
917    pabrowse – List PulseAudio sound servers on the network
918    pacat – Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAudio sound
919    pack200 – JAR Packing tool
920    pacmd – Reconfigure a PulseAudio sound server during runtime
921    pactl – Control a running PulseAudio sound server
922    padsp – PulseAudio OSS Wrapper
923    less – opposite of more
924    pacat – Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAudio sound
925    paperconf – print paper configuration informations
926    paplay – Play back audio files on a PulseAudio sound server
927    pacat – Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAudio sound
928    pacat – Play back or record raw or encoded audio streams on a PulseAudio sound
929    parsechangelog – parse Debian changelogs and output them in other formats
930    partx – telling the kernel about presence and numbering of on-disk partitions.
931    passwd – change user password
932    paste – merge lines of files
933    pasuspender – Temporarily suspend PulseAudio
934    patch – apply a diff file to an original
935    pathchk – check whether file s are valid or portable
936    pax11publish – PulseAudio X11 Credential Utility
937    pcimodules – List kernel driver modules available for all currently plugged in
938    pdb2.7 – the Python debugger
939    pdb2.7 – the Python debugger
940    pdf2dsc – generate a PostScript page list of a PDF document
941    pdf2ps – Ghostscript PDF to PostScript translator
942    pdffonts – Portable Document Format (PDF) font analyzer (version 3.00)
943    pdfimages – Portable Document Format (PDF) image extractor (version 3.00)
944    pdfinfo – Portable Document Format (PDF) document information extractor (version
945    pdfopt – Ghostscript PDF Optimizer
946    pdftoabw – convert a pdf file into the abiword format
947    pdftohtml – program to convert PDF files into HTML, XML and PNG images
948    pdftoppm – Portable Document Format (PDF) to Portable Pixmap (PPM) converter
949    pdftops – Portable Document Format (PDF) to PostScript converter (version 3.00)
950    pdftotext – Portable Document Format (PDF) to text converter (version 3.00)
951    peekfd – peek at file descriptors of running processes
952    perl – Practical Extraction and Report Language
953    perl – Practical Extraction and Report Language
954    perlbug – how to submit bug reports on Perl
955    perlivp – Perl Installation Verification Procedure
956    perlbug – how to submit bug reports on Perl
957    pf2afm – Make an AFM file from Postscript (PFB/PFA/PFM) font files using ghost‐
958    pfbtopfa – Convert Postscript .pfb fonts to .pfa format using ghostscript
959    pg – browse pagewise through text files
960    pgrep, pkill – look up or signal processes based on  and other attributes
961    pic – compile pictures for troff or TeX
962    nano – Nano’s ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
963    piconv — iconv(1), reinvented in perl
964    pinky – lightweight finger
965    pkaction – Get details about a registered action
966    pkcheck – Check whether a process is authorized
967    pkexec – Execute a command as another user
968    pkg-config – Return metainformation about installed libraries
969    pgrep, pkill – look up or signal processes based on  and other attributes
970    pl2pm – Rough tool to translate Perl4 .pl files to Perl5 .pm modules.
971    pon, poff, plog – starts up, shuts down or lists the log of PPP connections
972    pmap – report memory map of a process
973    pm-is-supported – Test whether suspend or hibernate is supported.
974    pnm2ppa – convert portable anymap (PNM) images to HP’s PPA printer format.
975    pod2html – convert .pod files to .html files
976    pod2latex – convert pod documentation to latex format
977    pod2man – Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
978    pod2text – Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text
979    pod2usage – print usage messages from embedded pod docs in files
980    podchecker – check the syntax of POD format documentation files
981    podselect – print selected sections of pod documentation on standard output
982    pon, poff, plog – starts up, shuts down or lists the log of PPP connections
983    pointer-capture-applet – Creates an area on the panel to capture the pointer
984    policytool – PolicyTool Administration GUI Utility
985    pon, poff, plog – starts up, shuts down or lists the log of PPP connections
986    lwp-request, GET, POST, HEAD – Simple command line user agent
987    ppdc – cups ppd compiler
988    ppdhtml – cups html summary generator
989    ppdi – import ppd files
990    ppdmerge – merge ppd files
991    ppdpo – ppd message catalog generator
992    ppmtolss16 — Convert a PPM to an LSS16 image
993    pr – convert text files for printing
994    prezip, preunzip, precat – prefix delta compressor for Aspell
995    preconv – convert encoding of input files to something GNU troff understands
996    re – res multiple files
997    prezip, preunzip, precat – prefix delta compressor for Aspell
998    prezip, preunzip, precat – prefix delta compressor for Aspell
999    prezip-bin – prefix zip delta word list compressor/decompressor
1000    run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print – execute programs via entries in
1001    printafm – Print the metrics from a Postscript font in AFM format using ghost‐
1002    printenv – print all or part of environment
1003    printf – format and print data
1004    protoc – compile protocol buffer description files
1005    prove – Run tests through a TAP harness.
1006    prstat – print statistics of a process
1007    ps2ascii – Ghostscript translator from PostScript or PDF to ASCII
1008    ps2epsi – generate conforming Encapsulated PostScript
1009    ps2pdf – Convert PostScript to PDF using ghostscript
1010    ps2pdfwr – Convert PostScript to PDF without specifying CompatibilityLevel,
1011    ps2ps, eps2eps – Ghostscript PostScript “distiller”
1012    psed – a stream editor
1013    psfaddtable – add a Unicode character table to a console font
1014    psfgettable – extract the embedded Unicode character table from a console font
1015    psfstriptable – remove the embedded Unicode character table from a console font
1016    psfxtable – handle Unicode character tables for console fonts
1017    pstree – display a tree of processes
1018    c2ph, pstruct – Dump C structures as generated from “cc -g -S” stabs
1019    ptar – a tar-like program written in perl
1020    ptardiff – program that diffs an extracted archive against an unextracted one
1021    ptx – produce a permuted index of file contents
1022    pulseaudio – The PulseAudio Sound System
1023    purple-remote – Send remote commands to Pidgin/Finch
1024    pwdx – report current working directory of a process
1025    pxelinux-options – utility to set PXELINUX hard-coded options.
1026    pycentral – register and build utility for Python packages
1027    pyclean – removes .pyc and .pyo files
1028    pycompile – byte compile Python source files
1029    py_compilefiles – byte-compile python .py files
1030    pydoc2.7 – the Python documentation tool
1031    pygettext – Python equivalent of xgettext(1)
1032    pyhtmlizer – pretty-print Python source as HTML
1033    python – an interpreted, interactive, object-oriented programming language
1034    pyversions – print python version information
1035    ranlib – generate index to archive.
1036    rctest – RFCOMM testing
1037    rdesktop – Remote Desktop Protocol client
1038    rdfpipe – Serialization format converter
1039    readelf – Displays information about ELF files.
1040    readom – read or write data Compact Discs
1041    recode-sr-latin – convert Serbian text from Cyrillic to Latin script
1042    ed, red – text editor
1043    re – res multiple files
1044    re – Re files
1045    tset, reset – terminal initialization
1046    resize – set TERMCAP and terminal settings to current xterm window size
1047    rfcomm – RFCOMM configuration utility
1048    grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep – print lines matching a pattern
1049    rmid – The Java RMI Activation System Daemon
1050    rmiregistry – The Java Remote Object Registry
1051    routel – list routes with pretty output format
1052    routel – list routes with pretty output format
1053    rpcclient – tool for executing client side MS-RPC functions
1054    rpcgen – an RPC protocol compiler
1055    rpl8 – Firmware loader for DVD drives
1056    rstart – a sample implementation of a Remote Start client
1057    rstartd – a sample implementation of a Remote Start rsh helper
1058    rsync — a fast, versatile, remote (and local) file-copying tool
1059    lnstat – unified linux network statistics
1060    runcon – run command with specified security context
1061    run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print – execute programs via entries in
1062    run-with-aspell – script to help use GNU Aspell as an ispell replacement
1063    vim – Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
1064    psed – a stream editor
1065    sane-find-scanner – find SCSI and USB scanners and their device files
1066    savelog – save a log file
1067    scanimage – scan an image
1068    screendump – dump the contents of a virtual console to stdout
1069    scriptreplay – play back typescripts, using timing information
1070    sdiff – side-by-side merge of file differences
1071    sdptool — control and interrogate SDP servers
1072    seahorse – Encryption Key Manager
1073    seahorse-daemon – seahorse pass phrase caching agent
1074    run-mailcap, view, see, edit, compose, print – execute programs via entries in
1075    select-default-iwrap – Selects the user default ispell dictionary for use with
1076    select-editor – select your default sensible-editor from all installed editors
1077    sensible-editor, sensible-pager, sensible-browser – sensible editing, paging,
1078    seq – print a sequence of numbers
1079    servertool – The Java(TM) IDL Server Tool
1080    session-installer – allows applications to easily install and remove software
1081    sessreg – manage utmp/wtmp entries for non-init clients
1082    setarch – change reported architecture in new program environment and set per‐
1083    setkeycodes – load kernel scancode-to-keycode mapping table entries
1084    setleds – set the keyboard leds
1085    setlogcons – Send kernel messages to console N
1086    setmetamode – define the keyboard meta key handling
1087    setpci – configure PCI devices
1088    setsid – run a program in a new session
1089    setterm – set terminal attributes
1090    setxkbmap – set the keyboard using the X Keyboard Extension
1091    sg – execute command as different group ID
1092    sha1pass – Create a SHA1 password hash
1093    sha1sum – compute and check SHA1 message digest
1094    sha224sum – compute and check SHA224 message digest
1095    sha256sum – compute and check SHA256 message digest
1096    sha384sum – compute and check SHA384 message digest
1097    sha512sum – compute and check SHA512 message digest
1098    shares-admin – Shared Folders Administration Tool
1099    shasum – Print or Check SHA Checksums
1100    shotwell – a digital photo organizer
1101    showconsolefont – Show the current EGA/VGA console screen font
1102    showfont – font dumper for X font server
1103    showkey – examine the codes sent by the keyboard
1104    showrgb – display an rgb color- database
1105    shred – overwrite a file to hide its contents, and optionally delete it
1106    shuf – generate random permutations
1107    simple-scan – Scanning utility
1108    size – list section sizes and total size.
1109    skill, snice – send a signal or report process status
1110    slabtop – display kernel slab cache information in real time
1111    smbcacls – Set or get ACLs on an NT file or directory s
1112    smbclient – ftp-like client to access SMB/CIFS resources on servers
1113    smbcquotas – Set or get QUOTAs of NTFS 5 shares
1114    smbget – wget-like utility for download files over SMB
1115    smbpasswd – change a user´s SMB password
1116    smbspool – send a print file to an SMB printer
1117    smbtar – shell script for backing up SMB/CIFS shares directly to UNIX tape
1118    smbtree – A text based smb network browser
1119    smproxy – Session Manager Proxy
1120    skill, snice – send a signal or report process status
1121    soelim – interpret .so requests in groff input
1122    file is part of OpenOffice.org. # # OpenOffice.org is free soft‐
1123    software-center – manage software
1124    software-properties-gtk – Software Sources List editor
1125    sort – sort lines of text files
1126    spd-conf – A simple tool for basic configuration of Speech Dispatcher and prob‐
1127    speaker-test – command-line speaker test tone generator for ALSA
1128    diagnostics, splain – produce verbose warning diagnostics
1129    split – split a file into pieces
1130    splitfont – extract characters from an ISO-type font.
1131    sprof – Read and display shared object profiling data
1132    gnome-ssh-askpass – prompts a user for a passphrase using GNOME
1133    ssh-copy-id – install your public key in a remote machine’s authorized_keys
1134    ssh-import-id – retrieve one or more public keys from a public keyserver
1135    startx – initialize an X session
1136    stat – display file or file system status
1137    stdbuf – Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard
1138    strace – trace system calls and signals
1139    strings – print the strings of printable characters in files.
1140    strip – Discard symbols from object files.
1141    sudo, sudoedit – execute a command as another user
1142    sudo, sudoedit – execute a command as another user
1143    sudoreplay – replay sudo session logs
1144    sum – checksum and count the blocks in a file
1145    svn – Subversion command line client tool
1146    svnadmin – Subversion repository administration tool
1147    svnlook – Subversion repository examination tool
1148    svnserve – Server for the ‘svn’ repository access method
1149    svnsync – Subversion repository synchronization tool
1150    svnversion – Produce a compact version number for a working copy.
1151    synclient – commandline utility to query and modify Synaptics driver options.
1152    syndaemon – a program that monitors keyboard activity and disables the touchpad
1153    syslinux – install the SYSLINUX bootloader on a FAT filesystem
1154    syslinux2ansi – converts a syslinux-format screen to pc-ansi
1155    system-config-printer – configure a CUPS server
1156    system-config-printer-applet – print job manager
1157    tabs – set tabs on a terminal
1158    tac – concatenate and print files in reverse
1159    tail – output the last part of files
1160    tap2deb – create Debian packages which wrap .tap files
1161    tap2rpm – create RPM packages which wrap .tap files
1162    tapconvert – convert Twisted configurations from one format to another
1163    taskset – retrieve or set a process’s CPU affinity
1164    tbl – format tables for troff
1165    tee – read from standard input and write to standard output and files
1166    test – check file types and compare values
1167    testparm – check an smb.conf configuration file for internal correctness
1168    testparm – check an smb.conf configuration file for internal correctness
1169    tgz – makes a gzip’d tar archive
1170    thunderbird — thunderbird – Mail User Agent (MUA) and newsgroup/RSS client for
1171    tic – the terminfo entry-description compiler
1172    time – run programs and summarize system resource usage
1173    timeout – run a command with a time limit
1174    tload – graphic representation of system load average
1175    Java IDL: Transient Naming Service – tserv
1176    toe – table of (terminfo) entries
1177    tomboy – A simple note-taking application for Gnome
1178    top – display Linux tasks
1179    toshset – manipulate bios and hardware settings of Toshiba laptops
1180    Totem – GNOME desktop movie player based on GStreamer
1181    totem-video-thumbnailer – video thumbnailer for the GNOME desktop
1182    touch – change file timestamps
1183    tput, reset – initialize a terminal or query terminfo database
1184    tr – translate or delete characters
1185    tracepath, tracepath6 – traces path to a network host discovering MTU along this
1186    traceroute6 – traces path to a network host
1187    trial – run unit tests
1188    troff – the troff processor of the groff text formatting system
1189    truncate – shrink or extend the size of a file to the specified size
1190    tsclient – Terminal Server Client supporting XDMCP, VNC and RDP
1191    tset, reset – terminal initialization
1192    tsort – perform topological sort
1193    tty – print the file  of the terminal connected to standard input
1194    twistd – run Twisted applications (TACs, TAPs)
1195    tzselect – view timezones
1196    u1sdtool – command line utility for controlling ubuntuone-syncdaemon
1197    apport-bug, apport-collect – file a bug report using Apport, or update an exist‐
1198    ubuntuone-control-panel-gtk – A GTK UI for managing a Ubuntu One account
1199    free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it # under
1201    ucf – Update Configuration File: preserve user changes in configuration files
1202    ucfr – Update Configuration File Registry: associate packages with configura‐
1203    ucs2any – generate BDF fonts containing subsets of ISO 10646-1 codepoints
1204    udisks – udisks command line tool
1205    udisks-tcp-bridge – udisks TCP/IP bridge
1206    unattended-upgrade – automatic installation of security (and other) upgrades
1207    dation; either version 2 of the License, or (at # your option)
1208    unexpand – convert spaces to tabs
1209    unicode_stop – revert keyboard and console from unicode mode
1210    uniq – report or omit repeated lines
1211    unity – wrapper for starting the unity shell and handling fallback
1212    unlink – call the unlink function to remove the specified file
1213    lzma, unlzma, lzcat – LZMA compression and decompression tool
1214    unopkg – LibreOffice Extension Manager
1215    unpack200 – JAR Unpacking tool
1216    unshare – run program with some spaces unshared from parent
1217    xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat – Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma
1218    unzip – list, test and extract compressed files in a ZIP archive
1219    unzipsfx – self-extracting stub for prepending to ZIP archives
1220    update-alternatives – maintain symbolic links determining default commands
1221    updatedb – update a database for mlocate
1222    update-desktop-database – Build cache database of MIME types handled by desktop
1223    update-gconf-defaults – generate GConf defaults shipped in Debian packages
1224    update-manager – graphical management of software packages updates
1225    update-pciids – download new version of the PCI ID list
1226    upower – UPower command line tool
1227    uptime – Tell how long the system has been running.
1228    usb-creator-gtk ‐ Ubuntu startup disk creation tool for Gtk+
1229    usb-devices – print USB device details
1230    users – print the user s of users currently logged in to the current host
1231    users-admin – Users Administration Tool
1232    uuidgen – command-line utility to create a new UUID value
1233    uxterm – X terminal emulator for Unicode (UTF-8) environments
1234    uz – gunzips and extracts a gzip’d tar’d archive
1235    vim – Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
1236    vim – Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
1237    viewres – graphical class browser for Xt
1238    vim – Vi IMproved, a programmers text editor
1239    vimtutor – the Vim tutor
1240    vinagre – a remote desktop viewer for the GNOME Desktop
1241    vmstat – Report virtual memory statistics
1242    vol – return volume
1243    w – Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
1244    watch – execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
1245    wc – print newline, word, and byte counts for each file
1246    wftopfa – Convert a Wadalab base font to Postscript .PFA (or .PFB) format using
1247    Wget – The non-interactive network downloader.
1248    whatis – display manual page descriptions
1249    whereis – locate the binary, source, and manual page files for a command
1250    which – locate a command
1251    whiptail – display dialog boxes from shell scripts
1252    who – show who is logged on
1253    whoami – print effective userid
1254    whois – client for the whois directory service
1255    wodim – write data to optical disk media
1256    word-list-compress – word list compressor/decompressor for GNU Aspell
1257    wpa_passphrase – Generate a WPA PSK from an ASCII passphrase for a SSID
1258    w – Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
1259    X – a portable, network-transparent window system
1260    x11perf – X11 server performance test program
1261    x11perfcomp – X11 server performance comparison program
1262    setarch – change reported architecture in new program environment and set per‐
1263    cpp – The C Preprocessor
1264    gcc – GNU project C and C++ compiler
1265    xargs – build and execute command lines from standard input
1266    xauth – X authority file utility
1267    xbiff – mailbox flag for X
1268    xbrlapi – X11 BrlAPI helper for Linux/Unix
1269    xcalc – scientific calculator for X
1270    xclipboard – X clipboard client
1271    xclock – analog / digital clock for X
1272    xcmsdb – Device Color Characterization utility for X Color Management System
1273    xconsole – monitor system console messages with X
1274    xcursorgen – create an X cursor file from a collection of PNG images
1275    xcutsel – interchange between cut buffer and selection
1276    xdg-desktop-icon – command line tool for (un)installing icons to the desktop
1277    xdg-desktop-menu – command line tool for (un)installing desktop menu items
1278    xdg-email – command line tool for sending mail using the user’s preferred e-mail
1279    xdg-icon-resource – command line tool for (un)installing icon resources
1280    xdg-mime – command line tool for querying information about file type handling
1281    xdg-open – opens a file or URL in the user’s preferred application
1282    xdg-screensaver – command line tool for controlling the screensaver
1283    xdg-settings – get various settings from the desktop environment
1284    xditview – display ditroff output
1285    xdpyinfo – display information utility for X
1286    xdriinfo – query configuration information of DRI drivers
1287    xedit – simple text editor for X
1288    xev – print contents of X events
1289    xeyes – a follow the mouse X demo
1290    xfd – display all the characters in an X font
1291    xfontsel – point and click selection of X11 font s
1292    xfsinfo – X font server information utility
1293    xgamma – Alter a monitor’s gamma correction through the X server
1294    xgc – X graphics demo
1295    xgettext – extract gettext strings from source
1296    xhost – server access control program for X
1297    xinit – X Window System initializer
1298    xinput – utility to configure and test X input devices
1299    xkbbell – XKB extension user utility
1300    xkbcomp – compile XKB keyboard description
1301    xkbevd – XKB event daemon
1302    xkbprint – print an XKB keyboard description
1303    xkbvleds – XKB extension user utility
1304    xkbwatch – XKB extension user utility
1305    xkill – kill a client by its X resource
1306    xload – system load average display for X
1307    xlogo – X Window System logo
1308    xlsatoms – list interned atoms defined on server
1309    xlsclients – list client applications running on a display
1310    xlsfonts – server font list displayer for X
1311    xmag – magnify parts of the screen
1312    xman – Manual page display program for the X Window System
1313    xmessage – display a message or query in a window (X-based /bin/echo)
1314    xml2po – program to create a PO-template file from a DocBook XML file and merge
1315    xmlcatalog – Command line tool to parse and manipulate XML or SGML catalog
1316    xmllint – command line XML tool
1317    xmodmap – utility for modifying keymaps and pointer button mappings in X
1318    xmore – plain text display program for the X Window System
1319    Xorg – X11R7 X server
1320    xpath – a script to query XPath statements in XML documents.
1321    xprop – property displayer for X
1322    xrandr – primitive command line interface to RandR extension
1323    xrdb – X server resource database utility
1324    xrefresh – refresh all or part of an X screen
1325    xscreensaver-getimage – put some randomly-selected image on the root window
1326    xscreensaver-getimage-file – put a randomly-selected image on the root window
1327    xscreensaver-getimage-video – put a video frame on the root window
1328    xscreensaver-gl-helper – figure out which X visual to use for GL programs
1329    xscreensaver-text – prints some text to stdout, for use by screen savers.
1330    gnome-session – Start the GNOME desktop environment
1331    xset – user preference utility for X
1332    xsetmode – set the mode for an X Input device
1333    xsetpointer – set an X Input device as the main pointer
1334    xsetroot – root window parameter setting utility for X
1335    xsetwacom – commandline utility to query and modify __driver__ driver set‐
1336    xsltproc – command line XSLT processor
1337    xsm – X Session Manager
1338    xstdcmap – X standard colormap utility
1339    xsubpp – compiler to convert Perl XS code into C code
1340    xterm – terminal emulator for X
1341    gnome-terminal — is a terminal emulation application.
1342    xvidtune – video mode tuner for Xorg
1343    xvinfo – Print out X-Video extension adaptor information
1344    xwd – dump an image of an X window
1345    METACITY – minimal GTK2 Window Manager
1346    xwininfo – window information utility for X
1347    xwud – image displayer for X
1348    temporary profiles used during alpha and beta phases.
1349    xxd – make a hexdump or do the reverse.
1350    xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat – Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma
1351    xz, unxz, xzcat, lzma, unlzma, lzcat – Compress or decompress .xz and .lzma
1352    xzcmp, xzdiff, lzcmp, lzdiff – compare compressed files
1353    xzcmp, xzdiff, lzcmp, lzdiff – compare compressed files
1354    xzgrep – search compressed files for a regular expression
1355    xzgrep – search compressed files for a regular expression
1356    xzgrep – search compressed files for a regular expression
1357    xzless, lzless – view xz or lzma compressed (text) files
1358    xzmore, lzmore – view xz or lzma compressed (text) files
1359    yelp — browse system documentation
1360    yes – output a string repeatedly until killed
1361    zdump – time zone dumper
1362    zeitgeist-daemon – D-Bus interface providing a log of activities
1363    zeitgeist-datahub – passive loggers for Zeitgeist
1364    zenity – display GTK+ dialogs
1365    zip – package and compress (archive) files
1366    zipcloak – encrypt entries in a zipfile
1367    zipgrep – search files in a ZIP archive for lines matching a pattern
1368    zipinfo – list detailed information about a ZIP archive
1369    zipnote – write the comments in zipfile to stdout, edit comments and re
1370    zipsplit – split a zipfile into smaller zipfiles
1371    zsoelim – satisfy .so requests in roff input
1372    acpi_available – test whether ACPI subsystem is available
1373    agetty – alternative Linux getty
1374    alsactl – advanced controls for ALSA soundcard driver
1375    apm_available – test whether APM subsystem is available
1376    apparmor_parser – loads AppArmor profiles into the kernel
1377    badblocks – search a device for bad blocks
1378    blkid – command-line utility to locate/print block device attributes
1379    blockdev – call block device ioctls from the command line
1380    bootlogd – record boot messages
1381    brltty – refreshable braille display driver for Linux/Unix
1382    cfdisk – Curses/slang based disk partition table manipulator for Linux
1383    crda – send to the kernel a wireless regulatory domain for a given ISO / IEC
1384    ctrlaltdel – set the function of the Ctrl-Alt-Del combination
1385    debugfs – ext2/ext3/ext4 file system debugger
1386    depmod – program to generate modules.dep and map files.
1387    dhclient – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Client
1388    dhclient – Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Client
1389    dhclient-script – DHCP client network configuration script
1390    dmsetup – low level logical volume management
1391    dosfsck – check and repair MS-DOS file systems
1392    dosfslabel – set or get a MS-DOS filesystem label
1393    dumpe2fs – dump ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem information
1394    e2fsck – check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
1395    e2image – Save critical ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem metadata to a file
1396    e2label – Change the label on an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
1397    e2undo – Replay an undo log for an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
1398    fdisk – Partition table manipulator for Linux
1399    findfs – Find a filesystem by label or UUID
1400    fsck – check and repair a Linux file system
1401    e2fsck – check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
1402    e2fsck – check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
1403    e2fsck – check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
1404    e2fsck – check a Linux ext2/ext3/ext4 file system
1405    fsck.minix – a file system consistency checker for Linux
1406    dosfsck – check and repair MS-DOS file systems
1407    fsck.nfs – Dummy fsck.nfs script that always returns success.
1408    dosfsck – check and repair MS-DOS file systems
1409    fstab-decode – run a command with fstab-encoded arguments
1410    agetty – alternative Linux getty
1411    reboot, halt, poweroff – reboot or stop the system
1412    hdparm – get/set SATA/IDE device parameters
1413    hwclock – query and set the hardware clock (RTC)
1414    ifconfig – configure a network interface
1415    ifup – bring a network interface up
1416    init – Upstart process management daemon
1417    initctl – init daemon control tool
1418    insmod – simple program to insert a module into the Linux Kernel
1419    insserv – Enable an installed system init script
1420    installkernel – install a new kernel image
1421    ip – show / manipulate routing, devices, policy routing and tunnels
1422    ip6tables — IPv6 packet filter administration
1423    ip6tables-restore — Restore IPv6 Tables
1424    ip6tables-save — dump iptables rules to stdout
1425    isosize – outputs the length of an iso9660 file system
1426    iwconfig – configure a wireless network interface
1427    iwevent – Display Wireless Events generated by drivers and setting changes
1428    iwgetid – Report ESSID, NWID or AP/Cell Address of wireless network
1429    iwlist – Get more detailed wireless information from a wireless interface
1430    iwpriv – configure optionals (private) parameters of a wireless network inter‐
1431    iwspy – Get wireless statistics from specific nodes
1432    kbdrate – reset the keyboard repeat rate and delay time
1433    killall5 — send a signal to all processes.
1434    ldconfig – configure dynamic linker run-time bindings
1435    logsave – save the output of a command in a logfile
1436    losetup – set up and control loop devices
1437    lsmod – program to show the status of modules in the Linux Kernel
1438    pccardctl – PCMCIA card control utility
1439    MAKEDEV – create devices
1440    mii-tool – view, manipulate media-independent interface status
1441    mkdosfs – create an MS-DOS file system under Linux
1442    mke2fs – create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
1443    mkfs – build a Linux file system
1444    mkfs.bfs – make an SCO bfs filesystem
1445    mke2fs – create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
1446    mke2fs – create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
1447    mke2fs – create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
1448    mke2fs – create an ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystem
1449    mkfs.minix – make a Linux MINIX filesystem
1450    mkdosfs – create an MS-DOS file system under Linux
1451    mkntfs – create an NTFS file system
1452    mkdosfs – create an MS-DOS file system under Linux
1453    mkhomedir_helper – Helper binary that creates home directories
1454    mkswap – set up a Linux swap area
1455    modinfo – program to show information about a Linux Kernel module
1456    modprobe – program to add and remove modules from the Linux Kernel
1457    mountall – Mount filesystems during boot
1458    ntfs-3g – Third Generation Read/Write NTFS Driver
1459    ntfsmount – Read/Write userspace NTFS driver.
1460    if –  network interfaces based on MAC addresses
1461    on_ac_power – test whether computer is running on AC power
1462    pam_tally – The login counter (tallying) module
1463    pam_tally2 – The login counter (tallying) module
1464    GNU Parted – a partition manipulation program
1465    partprobe – inform the OS of partition table changes
1466    pccardctl – PCMCIA card control utility
1467    pivot_root – change the root file system
1468    plipconfig – fine tune PLIP device parameters
1469    reboot, halt, poweroff – reboot or stop the system
1470    rarp – manipulate the system RARP table
1471    raw – bind a Linux raw character device
1472    reboot, halt, poweroff – reboot or stop the system
1473    regdbdump – parse and print out regulatory rules file
1474    initctl – init daemon control tool
1475    resize2fs – ext2/ext3/ext4 file system resizer
1476    initctl – init daemon control tool
1477    rfkill – tool for enabling and disabling wireless devices
1478    rmmod – simple program to remove a module from the Linux Kernel
1479    route – show / manipulate the IP routing table
1480    nstat, rtacct – network statistics tools.
1481    rtmon – listens to and monitors RTnetlink
1482    runlevel – output previous and current runlevel
1483    setvtrgb – set the virtual terminal RGB colors
1484    sfdisk – Partition table manipulator for Linux
1485    shadowconfig – toggle shadow passwords on and off
1486    shutdown – bring the system down
1487    slattach – attach a network interface to a serial line
1488    ss – another utility to investigate sockets
1489    initctl – init daemon control tool
1490    startpar – start runlevel scripts in parallel
1491    start-stop-daemon – start and stop system daemon programs
1492    initctl – init daemon control tool
1493    initctl – init daemon control tool
1494    sulogin – Single-user login
1495    swapon, swapoff – enable/disable devices and files for paging and swapping
1496    swapon, swapoff – enable/disable devices and files for paging and swapping
1497    switch_root – switch to another filesystem as the root of the mount tree.
1498    sysctl – configure kernel parameters at runtime
1499    tc – show / manipulate traffic control settings
1500    telinit – change system runlevel
1501    tune2fs – adjust tunable filesystem parameters on ext2/ext3/ext4 filesystems
1502    udevadm – udev management tool
1503    udevd – event managing daemon
1504    unix_chkpwd – Helper binary that verifies the password of the current user
1505    unix_update – Helper binary that updates the password of a given user
1506    upstart-socket-bridge – Bridge between Upstart and sockets
1507    upstart-udev-bridge – Bridge between Upstart and udev
1508    ureadahead – Read files in advance during boot
1509    vstpg, vstpp – VisioBraille file transferring
1510    wipefs – wipe a filesystem signature from a device
1511    wpa_action – wpa_cli action script
1512    wpa_cli – WPA command line client
1513    wpa_supplicant – Wi-Fi Protected Access client and IEEE 802.1X supplicant
1514    bash – GNU Bourne-Again SHell
1515    bzip2, bunzip2 – a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.4
1516    BusyBox – The Swiss Army Knife of Embedded Linux
1517    bzip2, bunzip2 – a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.4
1518    bzexe – compress executable files in place
1519    bzip2, bunzip2 – a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.4
1520    bzip2, bunzip2 – a block-sorting file compressor, v1.0.4
1521    bzmore, bzless – file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compressed text
1522    bzmore, bzless – file perusal filter for crt viewing of bzip2 compressed text
1523    cat – concatenate files and print on the standard output
1524    chgrp – change group ownership
1525    chmod – change file mode bits
1526    chown – change file owner and group
1527    chvt – change foreground virtual terminal
1528    cp – copy files and directories
1529    cpio – copy files to and from archives
1530    date – print or set the system date and time
1531    dbus-cleanup-sockets – clean up leftover sockets in a directory
1532    dbus-daemon – Message bus daemon
1533    dbus-uuidgen – Utility to generate UUIDs
1534    dd – convert and copy a file
1535    df – report file system disk space usage
1536    dir – list directory contents
1537    dmesg – print or control the kernel ring buffer
1538    host – show or set the system’s host
1539    host – show or set the system’s host
1540    dumpkeys – dump keyboard translation tables
1541    echo – display a line of text
1542    ed, red – text editor
1543    grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep – print lines matching a pattern
1544    false – do nothing, unsuccessfully
1545    fgconsole – print the number of the active VT.
1546    grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep – print lines matching a pattern
1547    fuser – identify processes using files or sockets
1548    fusermount – mount FUSE filesystems
1549    grep, egrep, fgrep, rgrep – print lines matching a pattern
1550    gzip, gunzip, zcat – compress or expand files
1551    gzexe – compress executable files in place
1552    gzip, gunzip, zcat – compress or expand files
1553    host – show or set the system’s host
1554    init-checkconf – manual page for init-checkconf
1555    initctl2dot – manual page for initctl2dot
1556    ip – show / manipulate routing, devices, policy routing and tunnels
1557    kbd_mode – report or set the keyboard mode
1558    kill – send a signal to a process
1559    less – opposite of more
1560    lessecho – expand metacharacters
1561    lessfile, lesspipe – “input preprocessor” for less.
1562    lesskey – specify key bindings for less
1563    lessfile, lesspipe – “input preprocessor” for less.
1564    ln – make links between files
1565    loadkeys – load keyboard translation tables
1566    login – begin session on the system
1567    ls – list directory contents
1568    lsmod – program to show the status of modules in the Linux Kernel
1569    mkdir – make directories
1570    mknod – make block or character special files
1571    mktemp – create a temporary file or directory
1572    mount – mount a filesystem
1573    mountpoint – see if a directory is a mountpoint
1574    mt – control magnetic tape drive operation
1575    mt – control magnetic tape drive operation
1576    mv – move (re) files
1577    nano – Nano’s ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
1578    netstat – Print network connections, routing tables, interface statistics, mas‐
1579    host – show or set the system’s host
1580    ntfs-3g – Third Generation Read/Write NTFS Driver
1581    ntfs-3g.probe – Probe an NTFS volume mountability
1582    ntfs-3g.secaudit – NTFS Security Data Auditing
1583    ntfs-3g.usermap – NTFS Building a User Mapping File
1584    openvt – start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT).
1585    openvt – start a program on a new virtual terminal (VT).
1586    pidof — find the process ID of a running program.
1587    ping, ping6 – send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
1588    ping, ping6 – send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network hosts
1589    ps – report a snapshot of the current processes.
1590    pwd – print  of current/working directory
1591    rbash – restricted bash, see bash(1)
1592    readlink – print value of a symbolic link or canonical file
1593    rm – remove files or directories
1594    rmdir – remove empty directories
1595    rnano – Restricted mode for Nano’s ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone
1596    run-parts – run scripts or programs in a directory
1597    sed – stream editor for filtering and transforming text
1598    setfont – load EGA/VGA console screen font
1599    setupcon – sets up the font and the keyboard on Linux console
1600    bash – GNU Bourne-Again SHell
1601    sleep – delay for a specified amount of time
1602    stty – change and print terminal line settings
1603    su – change user ID or become superuser
1604    sync – flush file system buffers
1605    tailf – follow the growth of a log file
1606    tempfile – create a temporary file in a safe manner
1607    touch – change file timestamps
1608    true – do nothing, successfully
1609    umount – unmount file systems
1610    u – print system information
1611    gzip, gunzip, zcat – compress or expand files
1612    unicode_start – put keyboard and console in unicode mode
1613    vdir – list directory contents
1614    vmmouse_detect – VMware mouse device autodetection tool
1615    which – locate a command
1616    host – show or set the system’s host
1617    gzip, gunzip, zcat – compress or expand files
1618    zcmp, zdiff – compare compressed files
1619    zgrep – search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
1620    zforce – force a ‘.gz’ extension on all gzip files
1621    zgrep – search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
1622    zmore – file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
1623    znew – recompress .Z files to .gz files

Advertisements

4 thoughts on “A whole lotta linux (ubuntu) commands

  1. Than you!!
    A few more, that can also be run from the Alt+F2 dialog:
    > onboard : onscreen keyboard
    > onboard-settings : configure Onboard
    > gnome-keybinding-properties : Keyboard Shortcuts
    > gnome-session-save –logout-dialog : “Log Out of the Session” dialog (to finish or close the session; or to switch or change the user)
    > gnome-session-save –shutdown-dialog : “Shut Down the Computer” dialog (to turn the computer off, reboot it, suspend it or hibernate it)

  2. There are 2 hyphens (one after the other) in the last 2. Let’s see now:
    > gnome-session-save – -logout-dialog : “Log Out of the Session” dialog (to finish or close the session; or to switch or change the user)
    > gnome-session-save – -shutdown-dialog : “Shut Down the Computer” dialog (to turn the computer off, reboot it, suspend it or hibernate it)

  3. Excellent blog you have here but I was wanting to know
    if you knew of any message boards that cover the same topics discussed in this article?

    I’d really love to be a part of group where I can get suggestions from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Cheers!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s